A Quick Introduction To Behavioural Economics

The study of human behaviour, which has traditionally come under the umbrella of psychology, would seem to have little relationship with economics.

But, as we learn more about how the brain works through the dual disciplines of neuroscience and psychology, there is an increasing marriage with the field of economics, in order to better understand how people make financial decisions.

This has evolved considerably in recent years and is an emergent field that deserves a little introduction and explanation.

The traditional view of economics and financial decision-making

It is sometimes forgotten in economics that the field is meant to be about the behaviour of people when making financial decisions.

The traditional economist’s view is that the world is populated by unemotional, logical, decision makers, who always think rationally in drawing their conclusions. This view is underpinned by the understanding that human behaviour displays three key traits: unbounded rationality, unbounded willpower, and unbounded selfishness.

This has always flown in the face of the findings of cognitive and social psychologists, who questioned these assumptions as far back as the 1950s.

With the rise of behavioural neuroscience since the 1980s (especially Kahneman’s work) providing more insight into the workings of the brain, we are now more sure than ever about the role that emotion and bias plays in all decision-making: from simple day-to-day decisions like which dress to wear, through to larger decisions that may affect many people.

Overconfidence and optimism are two examples of behavioural traits that may lead to sub-optimal financial decision-making, and divert from the traditional model used. People have also been shown to make poor decisions, even when they know it’s not for the best, due to a lack of self-control.

So this is where behavioural economics has been able to step in and modify many of the beliefs of the traditional economic views.

What is behavioural economics – and how can it help?

Behavioral economics and behavioral finance study the effects of psychological, social, cognitive, and emotional factors on economic decisions.

This may apply to individuals or institutions, and involves looking at the consequences for market prices, dividends, and resource allocation.

Of the three traits of human behaviour included in the traditional model outlined above, unbounded rationality has received special focus, with new understandings in the field resulting from neuroscience.

Understanding better how people arrive at financial decisions can help in many areas: from personal finance to organisations shaping products and trying to get more customer sign-ups; and from the vagaries of stock market trading through to governments and how they formulate financial legislation.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9467426

7 Ways To Make Shipper-Carrier Relationships Better

Freight services are very important and load boards work great at connecting shippers with carriers. But the relationship between carrier and shippers ought to be good for the process to work out smoothly and be a win-win kind of a process. Fortunately, there are so many ways that can help improve the relationship between these two important people in the business. With stronger relationships, a reliable carrier network is maintained. By giving attention to carrier concerns, it is possible to build collaborative partnerships that are long lasting.

As a shipper, there are a few things that you can do to maintain a good relationship with your carrier.

1. Work for the good of everyone involved. This can be done by working with the carrier in determining which freights and lanes work the best. By working in conjunction with the carrier, then it is possible for profitability to be added to the network. It solidifies the relationship.

2. Honor commitment to the carriers. It is only when you honor your commitments to the carrier they will be able to honor theirs to you. Considering that carrier will usually base service price on data provided, then it is of importance that only accurate data should be provided. You should also ensure that you ship in tonnages and lanes that you say you will.

3. Be generous. This is in terms of the sharing opportunities that arise. When you bring new opportunities first to your carrier partner, then everybody will end up benefiting from an equitable agreement.

4. Start off with a plan. One of the best ways of avoiding a rocky start that could ruin an otherwise good relationship is to make sure that you start every new partnership with a plan. Allow a considerable amount of time for the carrier to get their system up and even train to take on new lanes and freights.

5. Avail all relevant data. The data that you provide during bidding process will largely determine how prepares the carrier is with regards to freight characteristics and location or even seasonal changes in terms of volume. It is therefore very important that you provide freight characteristic percentages and also monthly volume in addition to tonnage data and lane data that you give.

6. Keep communication lines open. Reviewing performance metrics, options and new services are always a good way of strengthening relationships. As a shipper consider holding regular meetings with carriers to discuss what matters most to the business. Using such meetings, you can come up with strategies to reduce costs and improve the business. Working together and communicating on a regular basis only solidifies the shipper-carrier relationship.

7. Embrace technology. In the same manner you expect real-time data on your shipments from your carriers you should make it equally easy for the carriers to transfer the data that you need. Choose programming options that offer them an accurate and smooth system of transferring the data that you need. There are so many technological tools that you can choose to make improvements to the business and relationship.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9524058

Reasons Why Online Bill Payment Is a Must

There was a time when people did not feel at ease with paying their bills online. Most of them find it hard to trust the security of transacting on the web, and thought they have no control over their money with online bill payment. When you submit your checking account details to your insurance company or utilities provider, there is a risk that you could be overbilled or that your identity could get stolen. It seemed safer to write checks and stamp envelopes, which is why many people stick to that practice.

However, this is no longer the case. More individuals are paying almost all bills you can imagine online – like credit cards, loans, mortgages, rent, tuition and utilities, to name a few.

Why then should you choose to pay your bills over the Internet? As a start, you will be able to save on time as well as costs of postage and late payment charges. Also, paying online is safer than through snail-mail. Your personal details are more prone to risks like theft when on print and in motion via the postal system. When you pay your bills with your credit card, it is easier to monitor your finances and, furthermore, you can save airline travel miles as well as win cash-based rewards.

There are three simple ways to make an online bill payment: via your bank, on the website of the biller or through a third-party. Each comes with pros and cons so the method you decide on depends on your personal choice. There are good reasons why you should move forward and pay your bills online.

Whenever online bill payment comes to mind, you might think it involves setting up automated drafts from your bank account to pay your bills. However, more and more people are choosing to pay their bills online using their credit cards. More merchants, as well, accept credit card payments online, so if you prefer to pay your bills – including mortgage or rent – using your plastic money, you can do it.

Without a doubt, online bill payment is easier and quicker than check and snail-mail method. Essentially, it gets rid of issues involving procrastination. You do not need to worry about forgetting that your bills are way past their due date. You can arrange a monthly payment schedule via your bank or billing company and therefore, always pay on time. Even if you pay your bill online every month rather than do automatic payments, you can still save on time, stamps and disappointment. Granting you are paying online at the last minute, you still save precious time because online transactions are faster than processing mailed payments.

Once you are online, you could possibly face the risk of hacking, viruses and spyware (automated payments reduce these risks), but there is a considerable risk when it comes to mail theft. It is better to avoid mailing paper statements, personal information and checks. Moreover, when you make an online bill payment, you always have an option if ever there is a dispute because you can track records of paid amounts and pay dates.

Therefore, in contrast to the former belief of other people, online bill payment is a lot safer than snail mail, coming with additional protection whenever you pay your bills with a credit card.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9544660

Important Things You Must Know About Fixed Capital Investment

It can be quite daunting to decode the jargon of financing businesses. In most cases, because of the similarity in the objectives of the different financing solutions, many have a tendency to exchange one for the other.

To simplify these very technical terminologies, most especially when you just have ventured into business and you do not have enough knowledge about it, here are some useful information regarding a fixed capital investment, which is one of the relevant business solutions businesses, either big or small, can opt for.

Facts About Fixed Capital Investment

First, they are often used to launch or perform businesses. Over a long period of time or about 20 years, they depreciate on the accounting statements of the company.

Second, though these investments can depreciate over time, they won’t depreciate the same way. Be reminded that there are investments that lose their value faster than the others. The perfect examples of those that devalue fast are communications equipment or devices since there is a rapid turnover of technology for these. Another excellent example is the company vehicles. Within the year of purchase, the value of a brand new company vehicle can depreciate by as much as 40%.

Third, fixed capital investments won’t devalue rapidly. There are actually cases where it can even increase in value. Real estate properties like the company’s office buildings and land are among the examples.

Fourth, these will include the acquisition of tools and equipment required for daily operations, along with the real estate properties where the goods are to be produced and stored. Remember though that the materials used in the production of goods are not included due to the fact that these aren’t retained by the company.

Sixth, the amount of fixed capital will be different from one industry to another. There are enterprises that would require higher fixed capital investment than the others. These will include oil companies, telecommunications providers, and the engineering and manufacturing firms. On the other hand, businesses that will just require limited fixed capital are those that within the service industry. And these will include the law and accounting firms since they require more compact devices, tools and regular office appliances.

Lastly, getting fixed capital often takes a considerable amount of time. Thus, it is crucial to work with a reliable, competent financing institution that can efficiently minimize the risk of financial losses through a wide variety of proven methods.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/9532303